Hannah Clarke’s grieving family have been caught in the crossfire of Facebook’s war on Australian news after their tribute page was shut down on the social media platform.
Some of Australia’s most important services have been gagged after the Australian government proposed legislation which would require services like Facebook and Google to pay for news.
Rather than lock in deals with Australian outlets like Google has, nine million daily Australian Facebook users instead woke on Thursday to find their access to news on the app had been revoked.
Facebook also shut down services beyond official media organisations, including the page dedicated to Lloyd and Sue Clarke’s Small Steps 4 Hannah foundation.
The Facebook page set up for the Small Steps 4 Hannah page was impacted when Facebook restricted access to news websites
Hannah Clarke’s grieving family have been caught in the crossfires of Facebook’s war on Australian news after their tribute page was shut down on the social media platform. Pictured: Hannah with her son, Trey, who was particularly affectionate and a ‘mummy’s boy’
The foundation was established after 31-year-old Hannah was doused in petrol and set alight alongside her three children by her possessive estranged husband, Rowan Baxter, a year ago on Friday.
Six-year-old Aaliyah, her four-year-old sister Laianah and three-year-old brother Trey all died at the scene.
Hannah bravely detailed the attack to police twice before succumbing to burns covering 97 per cent of her body.
As bystanders tried to rescue Hannah and her three babies, Baxter brandished a knife and told witnesses to ‘let her burn’ before fatally stabbing himself.
Friday will mark the one year anniversary of the brutal attack, and Mr and Mrs Clarke had planned to use their Facebook platform to communicate with followers on the page.
Hannah Clarke is pictured with her two daughters Aaliyah, six, and Laianah, four
Hannah’s parents Lloyd and Sue are pictured with two of their grandchildren. The grieving couple are speaking out as a reminder that domestic violence can happen in any postcode and any class
It is not clear when – if at all – their access to the page will be reinstated.
Small Steps 4 Hannah is not affiliated with any media organisations, and instead hoped to raise awareness about the detrimental impact of coercive control in the community.
The couple hoped to shine a light on the topic after learning Hannah was herself a victim of coercive control within her relationship, yet didn’t know what signs to look out for.
Queensland took the first step towards criminalising coercive control by abusive partners just 24 hours ago.
Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk announced on Wednesday she had established a task force to consult with survivors of domestic, family, and sexual violence to better understand the needs of victims.
WHY HAS FACEBOOK BLOCKED AUSTRALIAN NEWS AND WHO IS AFFECTED?
Emergency services that provide Australians with news about Covid-19, bushfires and where to go for domestic violence help are among the vital Facebook pages which have been scrapped by the foreign-owned social media giant.
Even the Bureau of Meteorology’s Facebook page has been pulled by the US-based Big Tech company, along with crucial health information pages from the Queensland, South Australian and ACT governments.
Facebook also blocked its own page during the blundered roll-out of its ban on Australian news in response to the proposed Media Bargaining Code.
The law would make companies like Google and Facebook negotiate fees with news providers to use their content.
The extraordinary decision to remove news services from the platform rather than obey Australian law also meant 1800Respect – the national domestic violence and sexual assault helpline – can no longer share essential information with some of the most vulnerable Australians.
Westpac and Careflight’s official rescue helicopter pages and NSW Fire and Rescue’s posts have also been blocked.
Dozens of pages linked to charities have also been stripped of their content, including the National Homeless Collective and DV Connect.
Facebook’s decision to ban Australian news means its nine million user nationwide who log into the site every day can no longer view any news whatsoever about their nation or anywhere else in the world – but can still read conspiracy theories, news from dictators and other extremist unsubstantiated views.
The social media platform’s 13 million monthly Australian users cannot read news from established organisations or even shares news with each other on Facebook – which is particularly damaging to those living in regional and remote areas.
Facebook’s move contrasts with Google, which in recent days has brokered deals with most Australian media groups – from Nine, to Seven and News Corp – in response to the regulatory push.
The task force will report back to the government with its findings in October, when Ms Palaszczuk hopes to pass laws to criminalise the behaviour.
And while Mr and Mrs Clarke are thrilled with the outcome, their limited access to the page has put a dampener on their spirits.
‘It’s very upsetting,’ Mrs Clarke said of the Facebook censorship. ‘We were wanting to announce one of our new ambassadors. It’s very, very disappointing.’
Prior to her death, Hannah separated from Baxter and learned she was a victim of coercive control.
Coercive control is categorised as an insidious form of family violence which slowly restricts victims and strips them of their power within a relationship.
In Hannah’s relationship, Baxter dictated what she could and couldn’t wear, would go through her phone and limited the time she could spend with friends and family.
Offenders also often seize control of their victim’s finances, though this wasn’t the case with Hannah because Baxter was not smart enough to handle the money.
‘Coercive control, like other forms of domestic and family violence, needs to be everybody’s business,’ Ms Palaszczuk said in a statement.
‘We’ve seen legislation against coercive control in places like the UK, and it’s important that we too have legislation in place to better protect victims.’
While Lloyd and Sue Clarke can’t access the Facebook page, they previously revealed how they would honour Hannah and their grandchildren on the anniversary of their deaths this Friday.
The Clarke’s will light a candle to represent Hannah, Aaliyah, Laianah and Trey on Friday afternoon, and have encouraged the public to do the same
Lloyd and Sue have created the Small Steps 4 Hannah Foundation to ensure other women know the less obvious warning signs of domestic violence
The Clarke’s will light a candle to represent Hannah, Aaliyah, Laianah and Trey on Friday afternoon, and have encouraged the public to do the same.
The purpose of lighting candles is to remember the late family as ‘bright, happy people who brought light to everyone they met,’ Mrs Clarke explained.
Her husband said the ‘light’ will come after ‘our family and friends have been through some pretty dark times in the last 12 months’.
‘As the sun goes down we invite you to light a candle for them and for all victims of domestic and family violence,’ Mr Clarke said.
Mrs Clarke also encouraged religious people to pray for a ‘lighter and happier world’ and to help ‘keep the flame burning until there is no more darkness’.
This Friday, Lloyd and Sue Clarke will light a candle to represent each of the lives lost on February 19, 2020
WHAT IS COERCIVE CONTROL?
Coercive control is an ongoing and insidious form of domestic violence which is less often spoken about or recognisable.
A victim of coercive control often has their rights and civil liberties slowly stripped in a manner that mightn’t appear as aggressive as physical abuse.
The abuser uses strategies to control their victim in aspects of their lives, from telling them who they can and can’t speak to, where they can go, what they can wear and how they can spend their money.
The abuse is illegal in several countries, but has been largely overlooked in Australia.
Hannah Clarke’s death brought the conversation to the forefront of national and public interest.
Almost a year on, Hannah’s parents Sue and Lloyd are campaigning for coercive control laws to be implemented in Australia. If they were earlier, they have no doubt their daughter could still be alive.
If Hannah was living in Scotland, where coercive control is a crime, Baxter ‘would have been in jail and Hannah and the kids would have been alive,’ Lloyd explained.
In an unofficial test they conducted comparing Baxter’s behaviour to a checklist of coercive control patterns in Scotland, he was guilty of almost all of them.
‘All of them except anything to do with finances, basically,’ Lloyd said. ‘He was pretty useless with finances.’
At the end of the checklist, the data found Baxter was ‘a 900 per cent chance of hurting Hannah’.
‘If we can come up with our own law like this in Australia, it could save so many victims.’
The primary indicators of coercive control according to healthline are:
- Isolating you from your support system – this includes suggesting joint social media accounts, moving you away from your family, monitoring your phone calls or convincing you that your family or friends hate you
- Monitoring your activity throughout the day – this includes setting up cameras in the house, connecting your phone to tracking apps
- Denying you freedom and autonomy – this includes discouraging you from going to work or school, socialising, restricting your access to transportation or constantly taking your phone
- Gaslighting – this includes a need to always be right and to ensure the victim acknowledges that they are in the wrong or mistaken
- Name-calling and putting you down – this includes trying to shame the victim, make them feel self conscious
- Limiting your access to money – taking control of banking, encouraging a joint back account, setting ‘allowances’, hiding financial resources, strictly monitoring spending
- Reinforcing traditional gender roles
- Turning your kids against you – this includes belittling you in front of children, including them in arguments
- Controlling aspects of your health and body – this includes monitoring how much you eat, sleep, drink, what medication you consume, making you exercise or limiting your exercise
- Making jealous accusations
- Regulating your sexual relationship – this includes making blanket demands about how much or how little sex is involved in the relationship, refusing to wear protection or demanding photographs or videos
- Threatening your children or pets – this includes making threats against their safety, threatening to report a victim to authorities and lying, making decisions without speaking with the victim
This post was first published on DailyMail.